Seminars
Publications
Press Releases
Arabic Press
BBC
English Press
Useful Links
What is Halal / Haram
Legal Implication
Basic Requirements
History Of Religious Slaughter
Stunning
Muslim Market
Juristic Views
Halal / Haram Ingredients
Halal Basic Requirements
Muslims Shoppers Guidance
Muslim Traders Guidance
Halal Businesses
Guidance for Traders
Training Courses
Traders
Domestic
Meat Hygiene & Safety
Meat Crimes in UK
About BSE
Food Standards Agency
DEFRA
At Work
At Home
Training Courses
HIV-AIDS Leaflet

 

            

JURISTIC VIEWS

and Their Views on what constitutes Halal

Requirements
Shafi
Hanafi
Maliki
Hambali
Healthy Animal
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No swine
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Welfare of animals
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Slaughterman Muslim
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Sharp knife
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No stunning
<= This was the only method used at the time =>
Allah's name over it

Not compulsory. That is meat is Halal if omitted intentionally or otherwise.

Compulsory. Therefore, meat is Haram if it is omitted intentionally.

Compulsory. Therefore, meat is Haram if it is omitted intentionally or otherwise.

Maximum bleeding
Meat of People of the Book
Yes, unless name other than Allah taken.
Yes, even if God's name not taken over it

O mankind! Eat of what is lawful and good on earth and follow not Satans footsteps, verily he is your open enemy and bids you only to do evil and to commit deeds of abomination
Quran
2:168-169

O you who believe! Eat of good things He has forbidden to you only carrion and blood and flesh of swine and that over which any name other than Allahs has been invoked but if anyone is driven by necessity.
Quran 2:172-3

In Sura Al-Anam 145, the above is repeated. Also, repeated in 5:3 but added are, animals

  1. Dead from strangulation
  2. Dead from violent blow
  3. Dead from headlong fall
  4. Gored to death or savaged by wild animals

In addition, the Prophet (SAW) is given an authority to declare good things lawful.

In 7:57 He (the Prophet) makes lawful to them the good things of life and he forbids them the bad things.

This will be found in the Hadith (prophetic saying) eg.

Lawful

Camel
Cow
Goat

Sheep
Poultry

Horses
Rabbits

Moose
Buffalo
Gazelle
etc etc

Unlawful

Donkey
Leopard*
Cat*
Eagle*
Rats**

Mice**
Falcon*
Kite**
Scorpion**
Tiger*
etc etc

* Predatory, ** Destruction recommended in Shariah.
(Source of Images: Microsoft Clipart Gallery)

What is lawful to eat, what is unlawful, are clear. Where any food is not so clear either way the food is considered lawful based on the premise that what is not forbidden is permitted as in the Quranic verse 2:29.

And He (Allah) has created for you whatever is on earth, all of it.

The Prophet (SAW) said:

Allah has made obligatory on you certain matters and do not therefore neglect them. He has imposed limits so do not transgress them. And He has remained silent over certain matters out of His grace towards you and not out of forgetfulness, so do not search or pry into them.