WHAT IS HALAL/HARAM
Halal is an Arabic word, which means permissible,
In connection with food, it means food that Muslims
are permitted to consume under Islamic Shariah Law.
In addition to this lexical and technical meaning
the word is loaded with overtones of provided by
God, Tayyab (wholesome, good); as the opposite of
Haram, which means prohibited by God, (unwholesome,
foul). Halal and haram are universal terms that
apply to all facets of life. However, in this article
the term will be used only in relation to meat and
food products. This means that any meat that has
not been rendered Halal by Islamic slaughter or
any food that is liable to cause ill health, (e.g.
decomposing meat, or food unfit for human consumption)
cannot be considered Halal, wholesome or good Tayyab.
Islamic Shariah Law considers all foods Halal unless
it is specifically prohibited in the Quran. By official
definition Halal foods are those that are free from
any component that Muslims are prohibited from consuming
according to Islamic Law, except the following,
which are haram:
Following are basic definitions of important dietary
terms in Islam. Select the links to read more comprehensive
definitions and guides.
is halal, but must be slaughtered according
to Islamic Rites
- Pork/swine and its by-products
- Animals improperly slaughtered or dead before slaughtering,
- Carrion or dead animals.
- Animals killed in the name of anyone other than Allah
(God), and lawful animals not slaughtered according
to Islamic rites. (Fish is exempt from slaughtering
- Carnivorous animals, and animals with fangs such
as tigers, lions, cats ect,
- Birds that have talons with which they catch their
prey such as owls, eagles, etc.
- Land animals without external ears
- Animals which Islam encourages to kill such as scorpions,
centipedes, rats etc,
- Animals which Islam forbids to kill such as bees
- Animals, which have toxins, poison or produce ill
effects when eaten such as some fish etc.
- Amphibian animals such as crocodiles, turtles, frogs
- Blood and blood by-products, faces and urine and
- Almost all reptiles and insects, considered ugly
or filthy such as worms, lice, flies, etc.
- Wine, ethyl alcohol, spirits and intoxicants such
as poisonous and intoxicating plants.
- Foods contaminated with any of the above products
- Foods not free from contamination while prepared
or processed with anything considered Najiis (filthy).
- Foods processed, made, produced, manufactured and
/or stored using utensils, equipment and/or machinery
that have been not cleansed according to Islamic Shariah
Food made from the following substances
is Halal unless containing or come into contact with a haram
- All plant and their products
- Halal slaughtered meat, poultry, game birds and Halal
- All water creatures, fish, crustaceans and mollusks.
- Egg from acceptable birds only
- Non Animal rennet (NAR, culture) or rennet from Halal
- Gelatin produced from Halal beef bones or skins
HALAL MEAT- THE PROCESS
- The slaughtering (dhabh in Arabic) rules for Halal,
which are based on Islam teachings, ethics and jurisprudence
- The abattoirs or factory must be under the close
and constant supervision of an Islamic religious organization.
- The premises, equipment and machinery must be classed
according to Islamic Shariah (Law) before any production
- A trained Muslim man to slaughter the animal in a
Licensed Slaughter House with the implementation of
all the Hygiene and Animal Welfare Regulations.
- The slaughterman must be mature and pious Muslim
of sound mind who understands fully the fundamentals
and conditions relating to Halal slaughter and be approved
by the religious authorities and the Meat Hygiene Services
- The animal /bird is alive permissible to eat, feed
and grow up on natural vegetarian diet.
- The animal /bird is alive, healthy and free from
any disease or injury at the time of slaughter, certified
and checked by the Veterinary Surgeon.
- The animal skin or fur and bird feather s to be clean
prior to slaughter and free from faeces, dirt or other
- The animal is fed, not hungry or thirsty before slaughter
- Not slaughtered in front of other animals and no
- Handled gently and individually, and the knife should
not be sharpened in front of any animal before slaughter
- No stress or discomfort to any animal
- No stunning is allowed before slaughter
- The knife is to be very sharp and clean
- The Muslim slaughterman says first: in the name of
Allah, Allah is greater(Bismillah, Allah Akbar)
- The cut to be done in the right anatomical site,
in the neck by cutting the two carotids, the two jugulars,
the windpipe and the gullet, but without gutting the
- All blood should be allowed from the carcass
- A specific time should be allowed till the animal
ceases any movement
- De-feathering, de-skinning and evisceration can be
- Any unlawful meat like pork should not contaminate
Halal meat. Separate knives, equipment and utensils
should be used for Halal meat.